European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), judicial organ established in 1959 that is charged with supervising theenforcement of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950; commonly knownas the European Convention of Human Rights), which wasdrawn up by the Council of Europe.

The convention obligates signatories to guarantee various civiland political freedoms, including the freedom of expression, religion and the right to a fair trial. The convention for theprotection of human rights and fundamental freedoms aim toachieve greater international unity in recognizing the equalrights of men and women, and to incorporate the traditions of civil liberty.

European court of human rights (ECtHR): It is theinternational court based in Strasbourg, which was set up in 1959 and implements the convention.The court is responsiblefor monitoring respect for the human rights of Europeanswithin the 47 Council of Europe member states that haveratified the convention.

European Court of Human Rights is a committee exclusivelyfor law students.

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